Neuromuscular disorders and peripheral neurology

Section edited by Jens Schmidt

This section encompasses all aspects of neuromuscular disorders. Topics include myasthenia gravis, myopathies, neuropathies and all other inflammatory, metabolic and genetic disorders affecting skeletal muscle, peripheral nerve or neuromuscular transmission.

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  1. Case report

    Case report: a novel frameshift mutation in the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase II gene causing mitochondrial disorder

    Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 2, MT-CO2, encodes one of the three subunits, which form the catalytic core of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), complex IV. Mutations in MT-CO2 are rare a...

    Laura Kytövuori, Mikko Kärppä, Hannu Tuominen, Johanna Uusimaa, Markku Saari, Reetta Hinttala and Kari Majamaa

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:96

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  2. Case report

    A possible role of low regulatory T cells in anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody positive myasthenia gravis after bone marrow transplantation

    Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) appears several months following allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and is clinically analogous to autoimmune disorder. Polymyositis is a common n...

    Masahiko Fukatsu, Takenobu Murakami, Hiroshi Ohkawara, Shunichi Saito, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Suguru Kadowaki, Itaru Sasaki, Mari Segawa, Tomoko Soeda, Akihiko Hoshi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Akiko Shichishima-Nakamura, Kazuei Ogawa, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hitoshi Ohto, Yasuchika Takeishi…

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:93

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Effect of tendon vibration during wide-pulse neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on the decline and recovery of muscle force

    Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used to activate skeletal muscles and reverse muscle atrophy in clinical populations. Clinical recommendations for NMES suggest the use of short pulse wi...

    Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U. Newton, Gabriel S. Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S. Pulverenti and Anthony J. Blazevich

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:82

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Clinical predictors for the prognosis of myasthenia gravis

    Clinical predictors for myasthenia gravis relapse and ocular myasthenia gravis secondary generalization during the first two years after disease onset remain incompletely identified. This study attempts to inv...

    Lili Wang, Yun Zhang and Maolin He

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:77

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  5. Case report

    Conjugal amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a case report from Scotland

    Conjugal amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is rare, with significant effects on psychological and care needs. We report a case of conjugal amyotrophic lateral sclerosis disease from central Scotland. This case is ...

    P. M. Fernandes, M. R. Macleod, A. Bateman, S. Abrahams and S. Pal

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:64

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Content validity and clinical meaningfulness of the HFMSE in spinal muscular atrophy

    Reports on the clinical meaningfulness of outcome measures in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are rare. In this two-part study, our aim was to explore patients’ and caregivers’ views on the clinical relevance of...

    Maria C. Pera, Giorgia Coratti, Nicola Forcina, Elena S. Mazzone, Mariacristina Scoto, Jacqueline Montes, Amy Pasternak, Anna Mayhew, Sonia Messina, Maria Sframeli, Marion Main, Robert Muni Lofra, Tina Duong, Danielle Ramsey, Sally Dunaway, Rachel Salazar…

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:39

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Non-neuronal cholinergic activity is potentiated in myasthenia gravis

    Non–neuronal acetylcholine (ACh) restricts autoimmune responses and attenuates inflammation by cholinergic anti-inflammation pathway. To date, the implication of ACh in myasthenia gravis (MG) remained unexplor...

    Bin Han, Chao Zhang, Shoufeng Liu, Yiping Xia, Hao Sun, Zhongying Gong, Alain R. Simard, Qiang Liu and Junwei Hao

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:28

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  8. Case report

    Myasthenic symptoms in anti-low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 antibody-seropositive amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: two case reports

    Myasthenic symptoms can be present in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These symptoms have been considered to be caused by the degeneration of distal motor neurons and the neuromuscular junct...

    Hisashi Takahashi, Yu-ichi Noto, Naoki Makita, Yukie Kushimura-Okada, Ryotaro Ishii, Akihiro Tanaka, Tomoyuki Ohara, Shunya Nakane, Osamu Higuchi, Masanori Nakagawa and Toshiki Mizuno

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:229

    Published on: 18 November 2016

  9. Research article

    The extent of using mobility assistive devices can partly explain fatigue among persons with late effects of polio – a retrospective registry study in Sweden

    Fatigue is reported as one of the most disabling symptoms and is common among persons living with late effects of polio. Although fatigue has been studied in the context of people living with late effects of p...

    I. Santos Tavares Silva, K. S. Sunnerhagen, C. Willén and I. Ottenvall Hammar

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:230

    Published on: 18 November 2016

  10. Research article

    Response to treatment of myasthenia gravis according to clinical subtype

    We have previously reported using two-step cluster analysis to classify myasthenia gravis (MG) patients into the following five subtypes: ocular MG; thymoma-associated MG; MG with thymic hyperplasia; anti-acet...

    Tetsuya Akaishi, Yasushi Suzuki, Tomihiro Imai, Emiko Tsuda, Naoya Minami, Yuriko Nagane, Akiyuki Uzawa, Naoki Kawaguchi, Masayuki Masuda, Shingo Konno, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hiroyuki Murai, Masashi Aoki and Kimiaki Utsugisawa

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:225

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  11. Research article

    Labour market participation and sick leave among patients diagnosed with myasthenia gravis in Denmark 1997–2011: a Danish nationwide cohort study

    To examine labour market participation and long-term sick leave following a diagnosis with myasthenia gravis (MG) compared with the general Danish population and for specific subgroups of MG patients.

    Asger Frost, Marie Louise Svendsen, Jes Rahbek, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Claus Vinther Nielsen and Thomas Lund

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:224

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  12. Research article

    Prevalence and incidence of neurological disorders among adult Ugandans in rural and urban Mukono district; a cross-sectional study

    The burden of neurological diseases is increasing in developing countries. However, there is a prominent scarcity of literature on the incidence of neurological diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was t...

    Mark Kaddumukasa, Leviticus Mugenyi, Martin N. Kaddumukasa, Edward Ddumba, Michael Devereaux, Anthony Furlan, Martha Sajatovic and Elly Katabira

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:227

    Published on: 17 November 2016

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