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Table 1 Abnormal electrophysiological and/or clinical findings

From: Abduction paresis with rostral pontine and/or mesencephalic lesions: Pseudoabducens palsy and its relation to the so-called posterior internuclear ophthalmoplegia of Lutz

No. Age Sex Etiology Clinical findings Electrophysiological findings
  (years)        
1 75 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right loss 8.3 ms  
     right eye   left 8.0 ms 7.9 ms  
      EOG slowed abduction saccades left eyeN  
2 76 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.2 ms 8.8 ms  
     right eye   left 8.5 ms 8.7 ms  
3 51 Male undetermined abduction paresis MassR right 9.1 ms 8.4 ms  
     right eye   left 7.9 ms 8.0 ms  
4 58 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 8.9 ms 8.0 ms  
     right eye   left 8.2 ms 7.9 ms  
      EOG Slowed abduction saccades left eyeN  
5 33 female Multiple abduction paresis MassR right 6.6 ms 7.1 ms  
    sclerosis left eye   left 7.4 ms 7.9 ms  
      EOG Slowed abduction saccades right eyeN  
6 74 Male ischemia abuction paresis MassR right 7.3 ms 7.2 ms
     right eye   left 6.6 ms 7.2 ms  
7 68 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.8 ms  
     right eye   left 9.1 ms  
8 78 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.6 ms  
     right eye   left 8.9 ms  
      EOG slowed saccades to the left N  
9 51 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 7.4 ms  
     left eye   left 9.0 ms  
      BAEP right 5.8 ms 5.9 ms  
       left 6.1 ms 5.9 ms  
      EOG Slowed abduction saccades right eyeN  
10 77 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 8.6 ms  
     right eye   left 8.0 ms  
11 67 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 8.0 ms  
     right eye   left 7.3 ms  
12 39 female inflammation abduction paresis MassR right 6.9 ms  
     left eye   left 6.1 ms  
      EOG Slowed abduction saccades right eyeN  
13 74 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right loss loss
     right eye   left loss 7.3 ms  
14 34 female Multiple abduction paresis MassR right 9.4 ms  
    sclerosis right eye left 8.5 ms   
      EOG Slowed saccades to the leftN  
15 26 male Multiple abduction paresis MassR right 8.8>4 ms  
    sclerosis right eye   left 9.0 ms  
      EOG Slowed saccades to the left N  
16 68 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.4 ms 8.0 ms
     left eye   left 9.2 ms 8.0 ms  
17 73 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9,3 ms 8.5 ms
     right eye   left 9.6 ms 8.5 ms  
      EOG Slowed abduction saccades left eyeN  
18 68 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.4 ms 8.0 ms
     left eye   left 9.2 ms 8.0 ms  
19 73 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9,3 ms 8.5 ms
     right eye   left 9.6 ms 8.5 ms  
20 70 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.1>4 ms
     right eye   left 8.9>4 ms  
      EOG Slowed saccades to the left N  
21 65 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right loss 8.3 ms  
     left > right eye   left 8.6 ms 8.6 ms  
22 55 male undetermined abduction paresis MassR right 11.8 ms 10.3 ms  
     right > left eye   left 9.4 ms 9.0 ms  
23 48 male ischemia abduction paresis plus MassR right 7.9 ms 8.1 ms
     superior oblique palsy left 9.3 ms 8.5 m  
     left eye     
24 69 male ischemia abduction paresis plus MassR right 12.4>4 ms 9.4 ms
     superior oblique   left 10.2 ms 9.2 ms  
     left eye     
25 79 male ischemia aduction paresis plus MassR right 8.6 ms 8.9 ms
     elevation paresis   left 9.2 ms 9.5 ms  
     left eye     
26 71 female ischemia abduction paresis plus MassR right 8.2 ms 7.4 ms
     elevation paresis   left 10.0 ms 8.4 ms
     right eye     
27 68 male ischemia abduction paresis plus     
     elevation paresis     
     right eye     
28 63 female multiple abduction paresis EOG slowed saccades to the left N  
    sclerosis right eye plus     
     upgaze palsy     
29 63 female ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 8.9 ms 8.0 ms
     right eye plus   left 8.2 ms 8.2 ms  
     up- and downgaze palsy    
30 40 male undetermined abduction paresis MassR right 8.2>4 ms  
     right eye plus   left 8.0 ms  
     up- and downgaze palsy     
     & gaze paresis to the left     
31 21 male undetermined abduction paresis     
     right eye plus     
     up- and downgaze palsy     
     & convergence-retraction     
     nystagmus     
32 75 female ischemia Abduction paresis MassR right loss 8.1 ms
     right eye plus   left 8.0 ms 7.9 ms  
     unsteady tandem walking     
     with falling to the right     
33 73 male ischemia abduction paresis MassR right 9.3 ms 8.5 ms
     right eye plus   left 9.6 ms 8.5 ms  
     unsteady tandem walking    
     with falling to the right