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Table 2 Cardiovascular Factors

From: Mood after stroke: a case control study of biochemical, neuro-imaging and socio-economic risk factors for major depression in stroke survivors

Variable   Depressed (n = 40)   Controls
(n = 87)
OR
(95% CI)*
p
Past medical history n % n %   
Prior Stroke/TIA 16 40% 16 18% 3.0
(1.2 - 7.4)
0.015
Hypertension 30 75% 47 54% 2.6
(1.0 - 6.4)
0.03
Diabetes 5 13% 14 16% 0.7 0.8
Atrial Fibrillation 8 20% 14 16% 1.3 0.6
Myocardial Infarction 11 28% 23 26% 1.1 1.0
Angina 13 33% 21 24% 1.5 0.4
Peripheral Arterial Disease 9 23% 5 6% 4.8
(1.3 - 18)
0.01
Smoker/Ex-smoker 33 82% 55 63% 2.7
(1.0 - 7.7)
0.038
  n Mean ± SD n Mean ± SD   
Alcohol (units/week) 40 10.2 ± 4.8 87 8.5 ± 4.5   0.6
Blood Pressure (mmHg)       
Systolic 40 156 ± 22 87 147 ± 19   0.025
Diastolic 40 85 ± 12 87 80 ± 12   0.029
Mean Arterial Pressure 40 109 ± 14 87 102 ± 13   0.014
Pulse Pressure 40 71 ± 17 87 67 ± 16   0.22
Biochemistry       
Uric Acid 40 0.39 ± 0.14 87 0.4 ± 0.2   0.8
Total Cholesterol mmol/l 40 5.2 ± 1.1 87 5.1 ± 1.1   0.5
LDL-C 40 2.8 ± 1 87 2.8 ± 0.8   0.7
HDL-C 40 1.4 ± 0.4 87 1.3 ± 0.3   0.15
   Geometric Mean (95% CI)   Geometric Mean
(95% CI)
  
CRP† 37 5
(3.8-6.6)
76 4
(3.5-4.8)
  0.2
Triglyceride† 37 1.9
(1.6-2.3)
82 2.0
(1.8-2.3)
  0.8
Platelet Count† 37 267
(240-298)
77 246
(233-259)
  0.12
Serum Homocysteine† 37 16.5
(14.5-18.8)
72 14.2
(13.1-15.4)
  0.046
Serum Folic Acid† 37 4.7
(3.9-5.6)
73 5.9
(5.2-6.6)
  0.03
  1. OR: Odds ratio for depressed vs.control; SD: Standard Deviation;
  2. LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol
  3. *95% CI: 95% Confidence Interval. Only shown where p < 0.1.
  4. †Logarithmic transform used (geometric means tested for significance).