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Table 2 Patient's cerebral activations and de-activations during the fMRI task

From: Combination of diffusion tensor and functional magnetic resonance imaging during recovery from the vegetative state

Contrast Brain structure BA k Side Coordinates z-value p-FDR
      x y z   
1 month of evolution (vegetative state)
Forward > Backward narratives* Superior temporal gyrus, Middle temporal gyrus 21, 22 17 L -57 -51 9 3.57 0.046
Narratives > Silence Trasverse temporal gyrus, Superior temporal gyrus 41,42 13 L -57 -18 9 4.81 0.017
  Parahipocampal gyrus 19 14 R 39 -42 -6 4.73 0.017
Silence > Forward narratives* Superior Temporal Gyrus, 39 16 L -42 -57 27 4.33 0.003
13 months of evolution (conscious)
Forward > Backward narratives Precentral gyrus 6 42 L -51 0 48 7.77 < .001
  Superior temporal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus 21, 22 54 L -51 -51 12 5.61 < .001
  Superior temporal gyrus 22 15 L -63 -3 -3 5.19 < .001
  Trasverse temporal gyrus, Postcentral gyrus 40, 42 33 L -66 -18 12 5.04 < .001
Narratives > Silence Superior temporal gyrus 41,42 461 L -63 -24 9 Inf. < .001
  Paracentral lobule 4 24 L -6 -39 75 7 < .001
Silence > Forward narratives Inferior parietal lobule 7, 40 234 L -36 -66 48 5.35 0.001
  Precuneus 7 17 L -15 -63 60 4.33 0.005
  Superior frontal gyrus 6 17 L -18 30 60 4.12 0.01
  1. The last four columns (coordinates and z-value) refer to the main peak of activation in the cluster. Coordinates refer to Montreal Neurological Institute. Results thresholded at p < 0.05 FDR-corrected. BA = Brodmann areas; k = cluster size; L = left hemisphere, R = right hemisphere. * = significant at p < 0.05 FDR small volume correction.