Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate analysis between study or population characteristics and reported pneumonia rates

From: Post-stroke infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Study/population characteristic* No. of studies No. of evaluated patients P-value
Study design    
   Prospective design 87 137779 0.02
   Consecutive enrollment 87 137779 0.005
   Study aim on infection 87 137779 0.004
   Observation period 73 102280 0.37
Population characteristics    
   Income country 87 137779 0.23
   Age 77 118755 0.30
   Gender 80 132750 0.76
   ICU population 87 137779 0.001
   Infarction of bleeding 87 137779 0.13
   Stroke severity (NIHSS) 20 31493 0.01
   Lowered consciousness 25 52939 0.001
   Dysphagia 26 17937 0.19
  1. Footnotes Table 3: *definitions of characteristics can be found in Additional File 1: Table S3