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Table 2 Clinical features of headache not associated with mobile phone use (HNAMP).

From: Clinical features of headache associated with mobile phone use: a cross-sectional study in university students

  HAMP participants
N (%)
Non-HAMP participants
N (%)
p value
Headache not associated with mobile phone use, lasing ≥ 30 min. 23 (57.5)* 112 (65.1)* NS
Moderate or severe intensity 13 (35.1) 51 (33.1) NS
Unilateral pain 19 (51.4) 68 (44.2) NS
Pulsating quality 14 (37.8) 52 (33.8) NS
Aggravation of headache by routine activity 9 (24.3) 24 (15.64) NS
Nausea 4 (10.8) 12 (7.8) NS
Photophobia 6 (16.2) 24 (15.6) NS
Phonophobia 28 (75.7) 72 (46.8) 0.002
ID-migraine (%) 4 (10.8) 13 (8.4) NS
  1. NS: not significant. *From all participants at initial questionnaire survey (40 participants with HAMP and 172 participants without HAMP). From participants with headache not associated with mobile phone use (37 HAMP participants and 154 Non-HAMP participants).