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Table 4 Comparison of the effectiveness of screening tests for dementia, considering the most favorable MMSE and MIS approaches

From: Effectiveness and costs of phototest in dementia and cognitive impairment screening

  DEM NoDEM
Test Phototest ≤26 Phototest ≥27 Total Phototest ≤26 Phototest ≥27 Total
MMSE* + 38 8 46 4 31 35
MMSE* - 1 1 2 6 51 57
Total 39 9 48 10 82 92
  χ2 = 4; p < 0.05 χ2 = 15.6, p < 0.001
MIS ≤3# 21 7 28 5 12 17
MIS ≥4# 2 0 2 5 65 70
Total# 23 7 30 10 77 87
  χ2 = 1.78; n.s. χ2 = 2.11; n.s.
  1. DEM: dementia; NoDEM: No dementia. MMSE: MiniMental State Examination. MIS: Memory Impairment Screen
  2. Values are the n° of subjects
  3. *Cutoff points: 17/18: illiterates; 20/21: literate but did not complete primary schooling; 23/24: primary schooling or higher
  4. #Results for the 117 subjects who completed the MIS