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Table 2 Training progression

From: A novel conceptual framework for balance training in Parkinson’s disease-study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Training principles and objectives Week Balance components Multi-task
A Introduction of performance of each balance component separately and emphasizing quality of performance to accomplish familiarity and task-specific motor learning. 1 Motor agility/stability limits  
   2 Sensory integration/APAs  
B Improvement of balance performance and strategies of attention in varying balance conditions through increased level of difficulty and task variation for each balance component separately, and by using multi-tasking (i.e. cognitive or motor secondary task). 3 Motor agility/stability limits C-DT
   4 Sensory integration/APAs M-DT
   5 Motor agility/stability limits C-DT
   6 Sensory integration/APAs M-DT
C Further challenging of movement complexity through increased levels of difficulty, task variation by successively integrating the balance components, and increasing demands of multi-tasking (i.e. cognitive and motor secondary tasks are performed simultaneously). 7 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
   8 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
   9 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
   10 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
  1. The balance program divided into three blocks (Blocks A-C), with training principles and objectives for each block.
  2. APAs = anticipatory postural adjustments; C-DT = cognitive dual-task training; M-DT = motor dual-task training; C + M-DT = mixed cognitive and motor dual-task training.