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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and neuropsychological assessments of patients with aMCI and normal controls

From: The overall impairment of core executive function components in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment: a cross-sectional study

  aMCI (n=34) Controls (n=36) tor χ2 P Cohen’s d
Age, y 67.9 (6.7) 67.4 (5.0) 0.143 0.886  
Sex(M/Total) 14/34 18/36 0.549 0.459  
Education, y 10.0 (2.9) 11.1 (3.3) -1.462 0.148  
MMSE 28.3 (1.5) 29.5 (0.7) -4.279 <0.001 1.025
ADL 20.3 (0.5) 20.1 (0.3) 1.826 0.074 0.485
GDS 6.3 (1.2) 5.4 (1.1) 3.198 0.002 0.782
AVLT 15.1 (2.7) 18.5 (1.9) -6.28 <0.001 1.456
 Total immediate recall
 Long delayed recall 3.4 (0.7) 6.6 (1.4) -12.225 <0.001 2.891
MoCA total score 20.5 (3.3) 27.3 (1.7) -10.606 <0.001 2.595
 Executive items of MoCA:      
 Alternating Trail Making 0.6 (0.5) 0.9 (0.4) -2.105 0.039 0.663
 Clock Drawing Test 2.7 (0.5) 2.8 (0.4) -1.410 0.164 0.221
 Abstraction 1.0 (0.6) 1.3 (0.6) -1.907 0.060 0.500
 Verbal fluency 0.9 (0.3) 1 (0.2) -1.436 0.157 0.392
  1. NC: normal controls. Mean (standard deviation). MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination.
  2. ADL: Activity of Daily Living; CDR: Clinical Dementia Rating; MoCA: Montreal Cognitive Assessment; AVLT: Auditory Verbal Learning Test; GDS: Geriatric Depression Scale.