Skip to main content

Table 4 Cross-sectional area variations (ΔCSA) of IJVs after head rotations (per IJV analysis, N = 1222)

From: Cross-sectional area variations of internal jugular veins during supine head rotation in multiple sclerosis patients with chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency: a prospective diagnostic controlled study with duplex ultrasound investigation

   Right or left CSA (mm2) (Mean ± SD) ΔCSA (mm2) (Mean ± SD)   Right and left CSA (mm2) (Mean ± SD) ΔCSA (mm2) (Mean ± SD)
IJV morphological types N Neutral position (0° - midline) Max. rotation (90° from midline)   N Neutral position (0° - midline) Max. rotation (90° from midline)  
Normal 73 69.685 ± 8.763 74.395 ± 9.052 4.710 ± 1.987 557 70.084 ± 9.098 74.613 ± 9.067 4.529 ± 1.675
Only VDs 308 71.050 ± 8.876 75.461 ± 8.746 4.411 ± 2.079 39 71.431 ± 7.943 76.374 ± 8.549 4.944 ± 1.168
Miopragic 170 9.921 ± 2.554 72.695 ± 8.413 62.775 ± 8.940 (*) 0 - - -
Miopragic + VDs 28 8.682 ± 1.647 74.400 ± 6.483 65.718 ± 7.070 (*) 0 - - -
Hypoplastic 47 9.096 ± 2.443 11.132 ± 2.414 2.036 ± 0.844 0 - - -
  MS patients with CCSVI Healthy Controls
  1. * p < 0.001.