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Table 4 Correlates of dementia – multivariable analysis

From: Prevalence, characteristics and correlates of a positive-dementia screen in patients on antiretroviral therapy in Bamenda, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

  Positive dementia screen (≤10 on IHDS) IHDS Continuous scale
  Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted mean difference 95% CI
Gender     
  Male REF   REF  
  Female 1.92 0.92, 3.99 −0.48 −0.75, -0.22
Age     
  20–29 REF   REF  
  30–39 2.05 0.86, 4.89 −0.17 −0.53, 0.19
  40–49 2.43 0.91, 6.49 −0.48 −0.86, -0.11
  50+ 4.20 0.93, 19.02 −0.94 −1.38, -0.51
Marital Status     
  Married/co-habitating REF   REF  
  Previously married 2.56 1.06, 6.18 −0.31 −0.57, -0.06
  Never married 0.73 0.34, 1.56 0.25 −0.07, 0.56
Education     
  Primary REF   REF  
  Greater than primary 0.12 0.06, 0.26 1.1 0.91, 1.38
Depression diagnosis     
  Past year 0.49 0.17, 1.41 0.37 −0.04, 0.78
HIV Symptoms     
  0 REF   REF  
  >0 12.16 3.08, 48.05 −0.97 −1.59, -0.35
Village of residence     
  Urban REF   REF  
  Rural 1.22 0.63, 2.36 −0.14 −0.35, 0.08
  1. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, IHDS International HIV Dementia Scale, IQR Interquartile range, REF Reference category, SD Standard deviation.