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Table 1 Characteristics of stroke patients (n = 1,693)

From: Speech disturbance at stroke onset is correlated with stroke early mortality

  Overall Cerebral infarction n = 1,247 Cerebral hemorrhage n = 339 Subarachnoid hemorrhage n = 100
  n = 1,693    
Age (SD) 70.9 (12.2) 72.1 (11.3) *1*2*3 69.4 (13.0) *1*2*3 61.7 (14.2) *1*2*3
Sex, % female (female: male) 44.8 (759:934) 41.5*1*2*3 (517:730) 48.1*1*2*3 (163:176) 62.0*1*2*3 (62:38)
Systolic blood pressure (SD) mmHg 161.7 (30.1) 159.9 (29.6) *1 169.8 (31.3)*1*2 157.5 (28.8) *2
Diastolic blood pressure (SD) mmHg 87.4 (17,1) 86.5 (16.5) *1 91.1 (18.7) *1*2 86.6 (18.9) *2
Hypertension history, % (n = with: without) 60.6 (955: 622) 59.3*1*2*3 (696: 477) 70.1*1*2*3 (216: 92) 44.0*1*2*3 (40: 51)
Arrhythmia, % (n = with: without) 15.5 (255: 1389) 18.7*1*2*3 (227: 987) 7.6*1*2*3 (25: 306) 3.3*1*2*3 (3:89)
Arrhythmia history, % (n = with: without) 19.3 (305:1273) 23.8*1*2*3 (279:895) 7.5*1*2*3 (23:285) 3.4*1*2*3 (3:86)
Diabetes mellitus history, % (n = with: without) 22.5 (359:1235) 25.7*1*2*3 (307:886) 15.1*1*2*3 (46:259) 5.6*1*2*3 (5:84)
Hyperlipemia history, % (n = with: without) 19.1 (297: 1,259) 22.4*1*2*3 (260: 903) 10.1*1*2*3 (30:267) 6.7*1*2*3 (6:83)
Tobacco use,% (n = with: without) 30.7 (438:989) 32.5*1 (350:727) 21.3*1*2 (56:207) 34.9*2 (29:54)
Alcohol use, % (n = with: without) 40.3 (564:834) 39.6*3 (419:640) 41.1*2 (104:149) 48.1*2*3 (39:42)
Paresis, % (n = with: without) 75.4 (1,266:414) 79.7*3 (987:252) 78.6*2 (264:72) 11.2*2*3 (11:87)
Speech disturbance, % (n = with: without) 48.9 (828:865) 52.6*1*2*3 (656:591) 47.5*1*2*3 (161:178) 8.0*1*2*3 (8:92)
  1. Data on some characteristics were missing in a few patients.
  2. Differences statistically significant between Cerebral Infarction and Cerebral Hemorrhage, Cerebral Hemorrhage and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Cerebral Infarction were marked by *1, *2, and *3 respectively*; P < 0.05. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation.