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Table 4 Self-report MS symptoms measures at the time of evaluation

From: Cognitive impairment and “invisible symptoms” are not associated with CCSVI in MS

  CCSVI- CCSVI+ p-value
FSS (mean ± SD) 3.7 ± 1.7 3.0 ± 1.8 0.7
HDRS (mean ± SD) 5.0 ± 3.7 6.7 ± 4.6 0.7
Bladder symptoms GNDS (mean ± SD) 1 ± 1.4 0.8 ± 1.0 0.7
Sexual symptoms GNDS (mean ± SD) 1 ± 1.8 0.96 ± 1.4 0.6
MSQOL-54-PHCS (mean ± SD) 65.3 ± 21.4 70.3 ± 17.2 0.2
MSQOL-54-MHCS (mean ± SD) 64.2 ± 20.4 67.5 ± 19.6 0.2
  1. Data are given as means ± standard deviations.
  2. FSS Fatigue Severity Scale.
  3. HDRS Hamilton depression Rating Scale.
  4. GNDS Guy’s Neurological Disability Scale.
  5. MSQOL-54 Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54.
  6. PHCS Physical Health Composite Score.
  7. MHCS Mental Health Composite Score.