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Table 2 Study characteristics

From: Mindfulness based interventions in multiple sclerosis - a systematic review

Study (country) Study design (setting) Sample size (attrition %) Type of intervention (duration) Outcome measures Data collection
Mills and Allen [41] (Wales) RCT (Patients home) n = 16 (12.5%) Mindful breathing Mindful movement (Tai Chi) Self compassion Home study material (6/52 duration) POMS Standing balance Symptom rating questionnaire Baseline
Post intervention
3 months post intervention
Grossman et al. [40] (Switzerland) RCT (University hospital) n = 150 (5%) Mindful breathing Mindful movement (Yoga) Body scan Home study material (8/52 duration) CES-DSTAI MFIS HAQUAMS PQOLC Neuropsych. Baseline
Post intervention
6 months post intervention
Tavee et al. [42] (United States) CT (University hospital) n = 17 (43%) Mindful breathing (Samatha) Mindful movement (Tai Chi) Walking meditation (8/52 duration) SF-36 MFIS VAS Physical role Vitality PDDS Baseline
Post intervention
  1. 1. RCT - Randomised controlled trial; 2. CT - Controlled trial; 3. CES-D Center for epidemiological studies depression scale ; 4. HAQUAMS - Hamburg quality of life questionnaire in multiple sclerosis (German); 5. MFIS - Modified fatigue impact scale; 6. POMS - Profile of mood states; 7. PQOLC - Profile of health related quality of life in chronic disorders (German); 8. SF-36 - Short form 36; 9. STAI - Spielberger trait anxiety inventory; 10. VAS - Visual analogue scale for bodily pain; 11. PDDS - Patient Determined Disease Steps; 12. Neuropsych. - Neuropsychological assessment; 13. NR - not recorded.