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Table 4 Mental health outcomes

From: Mindfulness based interventions in multiple sclerosis - a systematic review

Study Outcome (measure) Post intervention effect size (p) Follow up effect size (p) and time point
Grossman et al. [40] Full intervention group Anxiety (STAI) 0.39 (0.0006) 0.36 (0.02) at six months
Sub-group analysis 1.00 (0.002) 0.64 (0.05) at six months
Full intervention group Depression (CES-D) 0.65 (0.00001) 0.36 (0.03) at six months
Sub-group analysis 1.06 (0.0002) 0.66 (0.03) at six months
Mills and Allen [41] Anxiety (POMS) p > 0.05* p > 0.05*
Depression (POMS) p < 0.01* NR
  1. 1. STAI - Spielberger Trait Anxiety Index; 2. CES-D - Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; 3. POMS - Profile of Mood States.
  2. *Effect size not recorded.