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Table 5 Physical outcomes

From: Mindfulness based interventions in multiple sclerosis - a systematic review

Study Outcome (measure) Post intervention effect size (p) Follow up effect size (p) and time point
Grossman et al. [40] Full intervention group Fatigue (MFIS) 0.41 (0.0001) 0.38 (0.001) at six months
Sub-group analysis 1.27 (0.0005) 1.09 (0.02) at six months
Mills and Allen [41] Fatigue (POMS) p > 0.05* NR
Single leg standing balance p < 0.05* p < 0.05* at three months
Tavee et al. [42] Fatigue (MFIS) p = 0.035* NR
Pain (VAS) p = 0.031* NR
PDDS p > 0.05* NR
  1. 1. MFIS - Modified Fatigue Index Scale; 2. POMS - Profile of Mood States; 3. VAS - Visual Analogue Scale for pain; 4. PDDS - Patient Determined Disease Steps; 5. NR - Not recorded; *Effect size not recorded.