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Table 2 Model I (replication[1]): multiple linear regression with fear of falling (FES(S) scores) as the dependent variable in people with Parkinson’s disease, n = 104 a

From: Factors associated with fear of falling in people with Parkinson’s disease

     Adjusted R2
Significant independent variablesb B (95% CI) β P-value Stepwise change Cumulative
Walking difficulties (Walk-12G) −1.844 (−2.423, −1.266) −0.524 0.000 0.595 0.595
Need help from others in daily activities (PADLS) −24.960 (−40.672, −9.247) −0.213 0.002 0.042 0.637
Fatigue (FACIT-F) 0.667 (0.165, 1.169) 0.214 0.010 0.021 0.658
  1. aIndependent variables in the analysis were: need help from others in daily activities (PADLS: dichotomized, 1 = yes), walking difficulties (Walk-12G), fatigue (FACIT-F), age (years), PD-duration (years), falls (1 = yes), near falls (1 = yes), dyskinesia (dichotomized, 1 = yes), freezing (FOGQsa item 3: dichotomized, 1 = freezing), turning hesitations (FOGQsa item 6: dichotomized, 1 = turning hesitations), pain (dichotomized, 1 = yes).
  2. bListed by order of entry into the model (forward method).
  3. FACIT-F, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue scale (0–52; higher = better); FES(S), Falls Efficacy Scale (0–130; higher = better); FOGQsa, Freezing of Gait Questionnaire, self-administered version (items are scored 0–4; higher = worse); PADLS, The Parkinson’s disease Activities of Daily Living Scale (1–5; higher = worse; those scoring >2 were categorized as needing help from others in daily activities) Walk-12G, 12-item generic walking scale (0–42; higher = worse).
  4. B: regression coefficient; CI: confidence interval; β: standardized regression coefficient.