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Table 2 Clinical and BP characteristics of study subjects

From: Cerebral microbleeds are associated with nocturnal reverse dipping in hypertensive patients with ischemic stroke

  Total CMB p-value*
Characteristics Yes No
  (n = 162) (n = 65) (n = 97)  
Age, years 65.33 ± 10.32 66.23 ± 9.47 64.73 ± 10.85 0.37
Male gender 100 (61.7) 47 (72.3) 53 (54.6) 0.02
DM 36 (22.2) 15 (23.1) 21 (21.6) 0.83
Smokers (current) 49 (30.2) 22 (34.4) 27 (27.8) 0.38
Previous statin use 15 (9.3) 6 (9.5) 9 (9.3) 0.96
Previous antiplatelet use 38 (23.5) 17 (27.4) 21 (21.9) 0.43
Previous antihypertensive medication 82 (50.6) 34 (52.3) 48 (49.5) 0.73
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 180.5 ± 41.5 174.6 ± 38.7 184.4 ± 43.1 0.14
Triglyceride, mg/dL 123.6 ± 82.0 115.0 ± 67.6 129.3 ± 90.1 0.28
LDL-C, mg/dL 112.3 ± 34.1 107.2 ± 32.1 115.7 ± 35.1 0.12
HDL-C, mg/dL 43.1 ± 11.9 44.2 ± 12.2 42.4 ± 11.7 0.35
Homocysteine, mg/dL 12.5 ± 6.2 13.2 ± 5.1 12.0 ± 6.8 0.24
Initial NIHSS 3.35 ± 3.33 3.18 ± 2.92 3.46 ±3.59 0.60
SBP, mmHg     
24-hour BP 147.1 ± 15.4 150.8 ± 16.3 144.6 ± 14.2 0.01
Awake BP 149.3 ± 15.9 152.6 ± 17.2 147.0 ± 14.6 0.03
Sleep BP 140.9 ± 17.1 145.9 ± 17.0 137.6 ± 16.5 <0.01
Morning BP 146.5 ± 17.6 149.8 ± 18.0 144.3 ± 17.2 0.05
Evening BP 149.0 ± 20.0 151.9 ± 21.5 147.0 ± 18.8 0.13
Lowest sleep BP 129.8 ± 17.8 133.1 ± 17.8 127.5 ± 17.6 0.05
Pre-wake BP 141.7 ± 18.7 146.1 ± 18.7 138.8 ± 18.2 0.01
DBP, mmHg     
24-hour BP 85.2 ± 9.3 88.8 ± 9.9 82.8 ± 8.0 < 0.01
Awake BP 86.7 ± 9.5 90.0 ± 10.2 84.4 ± 8.4 < 0.01
Sleep BP 81.3 ± 10.3 85.8 ± 10.6 78.3 ± 9.0 < 0.01
Morning BP 85.7 ± 12.1 89.7 ± 13.2 83.0 ± 10.6 < 0.01
Evening BP 86.3 ± 12.5 89.6 ± 13.1 84.1 ± 11.6 0.01
Lowest sleep BP 75.6 ± 11.0 78.6 ± 11.2 73.5 ± 10.4 <0.01
Pre-wake BP 81.3 ± 11.1 85.4 ± 11.9 79.5 ± 10.0 < 0.01
  1. Values are presented as ‘mean ± standard deviation.’ For the categorical variables, figures denote frequencies and percentages in parentheses.
  2. *Student’s T-tests for continuous variables and Chi-square tests for categorical variables.
  3. Abbreviations: CMB (cerebral microbleeds), DM (diabetes mellitus), LDL-C (low density lipoprotein-cholesterol), HDL-C (high density lipoprotein-cholesterol), NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale), SBP (systolic blood pressure), DBP (diastolic blood pressure).