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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Determinants of high sensitivity cardiac troponin T elevation in acute ischemic stroke

  All patients hs-cTnT ≤14 ng/L hs-cTnT > 14 ng/L p value
(n = 287) (n = 131) (n = 156)
Age (y) 76 (65–83) 65 (59–76) 81 (74–87) <0.001
Females 129 (44.9) 59 (45.0) 70 (44.9) 0.977
Medical history:
 Cerebrovascular disease 61 (21.3) 18 (13.7) 43 (27.6) 0.004
 Coronary heart disease 72 (25.1) 15 (11.5) 57 (36.5) <0.001
 Congestive heart failure 33 (11.5) 4 (3.1) 29 (18.6) <0.001
 Atrial fibrillation 79 (27.5) 20 (15.3) 59 (37.8) <0.001
 Diabetes mellitus 39 (13.6) 10 (7.6) 29 (18.6) 0.007
 Smoking 53 (18.5) 36 (27.5) 17 (10.9) <0.001
 Hypertension 179 (62.4) 67 (51.1) 112 (71.8) <0.001
 Hyperlipidemia 86 (30.0) 35 (26.7) 51 (32.7) 0.271
Vital signs:
 Pulse 77.4 (±17.3) 76.8 (±15.1) 78.0 (±19.0) 0.818
 Systolic BP 165.9 (±30.3) 167.9 (±29.5) 164.3 (±30.9) 0.337
 Diastolic BP 87.1 (±15.0) 88.1 (±13.2) 86.2 (±16.3) 0.152
NIHSS 4 (2-9) 3 (1-7) 4 (2-12) 0.001
rt-PA 27 (9.4) 21 (16.0) 6 (3.8) <0.001
Blood leukocyte count (109/L) 7.6 (6.4-9.8) 7.6 (6.0-9.6) 7.6 (6.6-9.8) 0.276
eGFR (mL/min) 71.0 (±21.8) 79.4 (±19.4) 63.9 (±21.3) <0.001
TOAST
 Small vessel 65 (22.6) 37 (28.2) 28 (17.9) 0.038
 Large artery 51 (17.8) 23 (17.6) 28 (17.9) 0.931
 Cardioembolic 84 (29.3) 20 (15.3) 64 (41.0) <0.001
 Other/ undetermined 87 (30.3) 51 (38.9) 36 (23.1) 0.004
  1. Categorical variables are presented in absolute values with percentages; n (%). Continuous variables are presented as mean (±SD) or median with interquartile range.
  2. hs-cTnT: high sensitivity cardiac troponin T; BP: blood pressure; NIHSS: National Institute of Health Stroke Scale; rt-PA: recombinant tissue plasminogen activator; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; TOAST: Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment.