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Table 1 Characteristics of all hospitalized stroke patients by race-ethnicity.

From: Regional variation in hospitalization for stroke among Asians/Pacific Islanders in the United States: a nationwide retrospective cohort study

  Asian/Pacific Islanders
Mean ± SD or no.(%) (n = 2,159)
non-Hispanic Whites
Mean ± SD or no. (%) (n = 109,632)
Age, years 68.5 ± 14.3 73.3 ± 12.3
Female 47.3 52.1
Region   
   Northeast 224 (10.4) 26,471 (24.2)
   Midwest 52 (2.4) 21,022 (19.2)
   South 186 (8.6) 43,080 (39.3)
   West 1697 (78.6) 19,059 (17.4)
Urban hospital 2019 (93.5) 93,538 (85.5)
Teaching hospital 821 (38.0) 31,039 (28.4)
Type of hospital   
   Government, non-fed 432 (20.0) 12,829 (11.7)
   Private, not-for-profit 1423 (65.9) 38,748 (72.0)
   Private, for-profit 304 (14.1) 17,794 (16.3)
Median income for patient's zip code   
   $0 – $25,000 254 (12.3) 31,077 (30.3)
   $25,001 – $35,000 649 (31.5) 38,748 (37.7)
   $35,001 + 1155 (56.1) 32,876 (32.0)
Admit from Emergency Dept 1450 (67.4) 58,970 (56.2)
Length of stay, days 8.2 ± 30.4 5.8 ± 19.4
Expected payer   
   Medicare 1017 (47.1) 81,956 (74.8)
   Medicaid 451 (20.9) 2740 (2.5)
   Private 542 (25.1) 21,435 (19.6)
   Other 149 (6.9) 3402 (3.1)
Total charges $24,026 ± $34,928 $14,275 ± $21,039
Discharge status   
   Routine 789 (36.6) 52,698 (48.1)
   Home health care 202 (9.4) 8443 (7.7)
   Other facility/AMA* 1130 (43) 39,376 (36.1)
   Died 238 (11.0) 8891 (8.1)
Average age at death, years 68.3 ± 14.5 75.5 ± 13.0
  1. * AMA = against medical advice