Skip to main content

Table 1 Physical examination of the peripheral nerves by two blinded examiners (Scores in brackets)

From: Diagnostic accuracy of the neurological upper limb examination I: Inter-rater reproducibility of selected findings and patterns

Manual testing of isometric strength in individual muscles
Grading into five levels [3,19]:
   • Grade 5 Contraction against powerful resistance, normal power (score = 0)
   • Grade 4+ Contraction against gravity and strong resistance (score = 1)
   • Grade 4 Contraction against gravity and moderate resistance (score = 2)
   • Grade 4- Contraction against gravity and slight resistance (score = 3)
   • Grade 3 * Contraction against gravity only (score = 3)
*No pareses minor than grade 3 were observed.
Sensibility to light touch, pain (pinprick), and vibration (tuning fork 256 Hz)
Grading into three levels:
   • Normal (score = 0)
   • Mild/any deviation of sensibility (score = 1)
   • Marked deviation of sensibility (score = 2)
Nerve trunks mechanosensitivity assessed by palpation
Grading into four levels:
   • No/normal tenderness (score = 0)
   • Mild/any mechanical allodynia (score = 1)
   • Medium mechanical allodynia (score = 2)
   • Marked mechanical allodynia (score = 3)