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Table 2 Postures employed for the examination of strength in 14 upper limb muscles

From: Diagnostic accuracy of the neurological upper limb examination I: Inter-rater reproducibility of selected findings and patterns

Muscles Patients' position at the physical examination
Pectoralis major Posterior deltoid Latissimus dorsi I. Both arms elevated in the shoulders to the horizontal plane, pointing straight forward with the elbows kept fully extended, neutral wrists and clenched fists.
Biceps Triceps Infraspinatus II. Upper arms kept along the trunk, the elbows at 90° flexion and forearms directed forward, the wrists at neutral and the hands still in clenched fists.
  III. Leaning forward, the patient supported the forearms on the laps from the elbow to the wrist, the wrists free distal to the knees.
ECRB
ECU
Forearms in pronation
EPL Forearms in neutral
FPL
FCR
FDP V
ADM
APB
Forearms in supination