Skip to main content

Table 5 Reproducibility of classification into defined patterns in 82 limbs (Abbreviations table 2)

From: Diagnostic accuracy of the neurological upper limb examination I: Inter-rater reproducibility of selected findings and patterns

Location of mechanical allodynia Patterns Number of limbs classified in agreement Correlation (95% CI)
  Reduced strength Sensory deviations Pattern absent Pattern present  
Brachial plexus (Upper trunk level), Figure 3 Infraspinatus, post. deltoid, biceps Axillary, musculocutaneous 58 5 0.56 (0.39–0.69)
Brachial plexus (Cord level), Figure 4 Post. deltoid, biceps, FCR a Axillary, median, musculocutaneous 48 21 0.82 (0.73–0.88)
Suprascapular nerve (Suprascapular notch), Figure 3 Infraspinatus - 55 4 0.45 (0.26–0.61)
Axillary nerve (Quadrilateral space), Figure 3-4 Posterior deltoid Axillary 53 20 0.79 (0.69–0.86)
Musculocutaneous nerve (Coracobrachial muscle), Figure 3-4 Biceps Musculocutaneous 66 4 0.74 (0.62–0.83)
Radial nerve (Upper arm), Figure 6 Triceps, ECRB, EPL Radial 64 13 0.83 (0.75–0.89)
Posterior interosseous nerve, Figure 6 ECU - 66 10 0.75 (0.64–0.83)
Median nerve (Elbow level), Figure 5 FCR, FPL Median 54 10 0.82 (0.73–0.88)
Carpal tunnel, Figure 5 APB Median 79 1 0.73 (0.61–0.82)
Ulnar nerve (Elbow level), Figure 7 FDP V, ADM Ulnar 74 2 0.70 (0.57–0.80)
  1. a. Depending of the extent of brachial plexus involvement, reduced strength in additional muscles were allowed. The infraspinatus muscle, however, should be intact (Figure 4).