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Table 1 Characteristics of the Study Population*

From: Framingham Stroke Risk Profile and poor cognitive function: a population-based study

Variables Men
(n = 3315)
Women
(n = 4062)
P
Framingham Stroke Risk Profile‡, % 10.5 (8.7) 9.5 (11.4) < 0.001
Stroke risk components    
   Mean age, y 64.0 (10.5) 65.6 (12.5) < 0.001
   Mean systolic blood pressure§ mm Hg 141.6 (18.8) 141.6 (22.7) 0.961
   Treatment with antihypertensive drugs§ % 29.9 29.2 0.600
   History of diabetes, % 8.2 5.4 < 0.001
   Current smoker, % 15.2 15.0 0.765
   History of cardiovascular disease, % 14.0 9.3 < 0.001
   History of atrial fibrillation, % 6.4 5.3 0.060
Additional variables    
   Education (leaving age, y), %    < 0.001
< 15 23.1 24.7  
15–17 58.2 59.9  
> 17 18.7 15.5  
   Socioeconomic status||, %    < 0.001
Managerial and professional 36.9 23.5  
Intermediate 19.5 28.6  
Routine and manual 43.6 48.0  
   Mean total net non-housing wealth, £ 96,161.4 (331,157.4) 82,419.7 (294,015.5) 0.034
   Alcohol consumption§ %    < 0.001
≥ 30 g/day 72.4 83.7  
0.1–29.9 g/day 20.4 3.1  
None 7.2 13.1  
   Mean BMI§ wt/ht2 27.7 (4.0) 27.5 (4.8) 0.143
   Depressive symptoms (8-item CESD > 3), % 11.1 17.9 < 0.001
   Mean total serum cholesterol§ mmol/L 4.6 (2.8) 4.8 (3.2) 0.030
  1. CESD indicates Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Values are mean (SD) where appropriate.
  2. *339 persons with a history of stroke or dementia were excluded.
  3. P value for mean difference between men and women.
  4. ‡Excluding left ventricular hypertrophy.
  5. §Variable derived from the Health Survey for England (HSE).
  6. ||Based on current or former occupation according to National Statistics-socioeconomic classification 3. [23]