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Table 2 Treadmill speed and slope, number of paired trials, mean trial times and effect ratio (exercise duration with cooling/exercise duration without cooling): individual subjects and grouped data

From: Cooling via one hand improves physical performance in heat-sensitive individuals with Multiple Sclerosis: A preliminary study

Subject Speeda (Km/h) Slopea (%) Number of paired trials Exercise duration (min) Cooling effect (ratio)
     Control Cooling  
1 4.8 5 – 6 3 17.2 22.9 1.34
2 0.8 0 1 20.0 32.0 1.60
3 4.0 5 – 6 3 20.7 22.1 1.07
4 1.3 0 1 25.0 28.3 1.13
5 3.2 – 4.8 6 4 36.4 44.8 1.23
6 4.8 7 – 8.5 3 37.4 49.8 1.33
7 4.0 6 – 7 5 38.4 51.6 1.34
8 2.4 0 2 39.8 43.2 1.09
9 3.2 0 2 39.9 67.5 1.69
10 3.2 5.5 – 6 2 42.3 65.8 1.55
Group data b
Mean ± Standard Deviation 31.7 ± 9.8 42.8 ± 16.4 1.35 ± 0.22
  1. a Slopes and speeds of the treadmill were adjusted between sets of paired trials.
  2. b P < 0.01, paired t-test