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Table 1 Characteristics of stroke patients by leukoaraiosis.

From: The leukoaraiosis is more prevalent in the large artery atherosclerosis stroke subtype among Korean patients with ischemic stroke

  Leukoaraiosis   
Characteristics Present (n = 307) Absent (n = 287) P value  
Age (yr) 72.1 ± 9.8 61.1 ± 11.9 < 0.001  
Gender    0.001  
   Male (n = 342) 157 (45.9) 185 (54.1)   
   Female (n = 252) 150 (59.5) 102 (40.5)   
Hypertension (n = 383) 229 (59.8) 154 (40.2) < 0.001  
Diabetes mellitus (n = 236) 133 (56.4) 103 (43.6) 0.390  
Hyperlipidemia (n = 193) 95 (49.2) 98 (50.8) 0.228  
Heart disease (n = 105) 44 (41.9) 61 (58.1) 0.018  
Atrial fibrillation (n = 78) 34 (43.6) 44(56.4) 0.125  
Regular cigarette smoking (n = 153) 57 (37.3) 96 (62.7) < 0.001  
Previous ischemic stroke (n = 87) 58 (66.7) 29 (33.3) 0.002  
Stroke subtype    0.016  
   Large artery disease(n = 297) 170 (57.2) 127 (42.8) 0.031a 0.006b
   Lacunar(n = 193) 93 (48.2) 100 (51.8) 0.198b  
   Cardioembolic (n = 104) 44 (42.3) 60 (57.7)   
  1. Values represent mean ± SD and number of patients with percentages in parenthesis
  2. The two groups were compared by two-sample t-test for continuous variables and chi-square test for nominal variables.
  3. a Comparison is with lacunar group, based on the Chi-square test.
  4. b Comparison is with cardioembolic group