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Table 2 Behavioral signs of consciousness found in patients misdiagnosed with VS and MCS or with uncertain clinical consensus diagnosis.

From: Diagnostic accuracy of the vegetative and minimally conscious state: Clinical consensus versus standardized neurobehavioral assessment

Behavior VS MCS Unsure of diagnosis
1 – response to verbal order 4 * 4
2 – purposeful eye movements 8 * 6
3 – automatic motor response 1 * 1
4 – pain localization 1 * 1
5 – several criteria for MCS 4 * 4
6 – communication * 1 *
7 – functional object use * 1 *
8 – several criteria for EMCS * 2 *
Total 18 4 16
  1. Notice: EMCS = emergence from MCS; * Non-appropriate; several criteria for MCS = presence of several criteria such as response to verbal order, purposeful eye movements, automatic motor response and/or pain localization; several criteria for EMCS = presence of communication and functional object use.