Skip to main content

Table 4 Results of multivariable analysis of significant risk factors for stroke and/or transient ischemic attack.

From: The burden of stroke and transient ischemic attack in Pakistan: a community-based prevalence study

  No CVD Stroke/TIA Adjusted odds ratio P-value
  n (%)a n (%)a OR (95% CI)  
Age, years (SD) 48.3 (12.7) 50.0 (12.8) 1.022 (1.003-1.041) 0.021
Female gender 190 (44.6) 79 (66.4) 2.62 (1.56-4.40) < 0.001
Family history of CAD or Stroke 86 (20.2) 37 (31.1) 1.65 (1.02-2.69) 0.042
Past Myocardial Infarction 24 (5.6) 11 (11.8) 1.62 (0.77-3.39) 0.205
Hypertension b 203 (47.7) 76 (63.9) 1.25 (0.78-2.00) 0.504
Elevated RBS c 74 (17.4) 36 (30.3) 1.76 (1.07-2.90) 0.026
Smoking 123 (28.9) 25 (21.0) 1.03 (0.58-1.83) 0.921
Pan, Gutka or Supari Use 78 (18.3) 30 (25.2) 2.06 (1.22-3.49) 0.007
Obesity d 229 (53.8) 81 (68.1) 1.49 (0.92-2.41) 0.104
  1. Note: RBS - Random Blood Sugar, CAD - Coronary Artery Disease, BP - Blood Pressure, SD - Standard Deviation, TIA - Transient Ischemic Attack, CI - Confidence Interval. Variables biologically plausible or significant at p < 0.100 on univariate analysis were included in this model.
  2. aGiven as n(%) except where stated specifically.
  3. bDefined as systolic BP greater than or equal to 140 mmHg or diastolic BP greater than or equal to 90 mmHg on two readings at least 10 minutes apart and/or self-reported history of persistent hypertension.
  4. cRaised Random Blood Sugar level greater than or equal to 180 mg/dL on one reading.
  5. dDefined as body mass index more than or equal to 25 kg/m2.