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Table 1 Demographics, clinical information, health behavior

From: Mindfulness-based interventions in multiple sclerosis: beneficial effects of Tai Chi on balance, coordination, fatigue and depression

  TAU Tai Chi Statistic p-value
(n = 17) (n = 15)
Demographics       
Age M (SD) 43.6 (8.0) 42.6 (9.4) 0.32a 0.753
Female sex, n (%) 12 (71) 10 (67) 0.06b 0.811
Health Behavior       
Tobacco users, n (%) 2 (12) 3 (20) 0.42b 0.645
Body Mass Index, M (SD) 25.5 (5.5) 24.2 (3.7) 0.79a 0.438
Phys. activity/week, n (%)       
< 1x 6 (35) 2 (13) 0.17b 0.338
1-2x 6 (35) 8 (53)
> 3x 5 (30) 5 (33)
Clinical Information       
MS course, n (%)       
Relapsing-remitting 13 (77) 14 (93) 4.93b 0.085
Secondary progressive 4 (24) 0 (0)
Clinically isolated syndrome 0 (0) 1 (7)
MS Duration in years, M (SD) 7.8 (6.8) 6.0 (4.7) 0.86a 0.395
MS treatment, n (%)       
Yes 16 (94) 12 (80) 0.45b 0.228
  1. at-test.
  2. bchi square test.
  3. Note: M = mean, SD = standard deviation, TAU = treatment as usual.