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Table 2 Comparison of clinical characteristics

From: Validation of NINDS-CSN neuropsychological battery for vascular cognitive impairment in Chinese stroke patients

  Controls Stroke patients P value
Age, years 60.4 ± 7.4 62.8 ± 7.8 0.118
Male, no. (%) 24 (48%) 29 (58%) 0.316
Education    0.038
0-6 years 7 (14%) 11 (22%) -
7-12 years 28 (56%) 33 (66%) -
>12 years 15 (30%) 6 (12%) -
Right-handedness, no. (%) 48 (96%) 48 (96%) 1.000
Myocardial infarction, no. (%) 2 (4%) 2 (4%) 1.000
Atrial fibrillation, no. (%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1.000
Hypertension, no. (%) 12 (24%) 39 (78%) <0.001
Hyperlipidemia, no. (%) 5 (10%) 13 (26%) 0.037
Diabetes mellitus, no. (%) 5 (10%) 18 (36%) 0.002
Smoking, no. (%) 12 (24%) 24 (48%) 0.012
Alcohol abuse, no. (%) 20 (40%) 9 (18%) 0.098
Body mass index, kg/m2 24.2 ± 2.5 24.8 ± 3.1 0.270
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 125.5 ± 18.5 133.6 ± 12.3 0.013
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 79.2 ± 10.3 80.9 ± 9.9 0.403
Recurrent stroke, no. (%) - 16 (32%) -
NIHSS score - 2 (0–4) -
  1. Abbreviations: NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.