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Table 1 Classical factors associated with new vascular events at one-year follow-up

From: The ARTICO study: identification of patients at high risk of vascular recurrence after a first non-cardioembolic stroke

  Primary end-point
  Yes (n = 78) No (n = 485) p
Male, % 77.6 67.0 0.15
Age 72.6 (8.4) 71.1 (7.2) 0.31
Weight 78.8 (14.3) 74.8 (12.1) 0.01
Height 165.4 (7.5) 164.0 (8.0) 0.17
Body mass index 28.8 (4.7) 27.8 (4.3) 0.09
Waist circumference 101.0 (14.9) 100.1 (12.9) 0.22
Systolic blood pressure 162.4 (25.4) 152.4 (26.5) 0.06
Diastolic blood pressure 85.2 (13.3) 82.3 (13.5) 0.10
Familiar history of cardiovascular disease    
  Stroke, % 23.1 18.1 0.52
  Ischaemic CHD, % 11.5 16.3 0.31
  Sudden death, % 5.1 3.3 0.50
Personal history    
  Alcohol intake, % (>40gr/day) 10.4 5.0 0.07
  Active smoker, % 18.4 18.1 0.81
  Arterial hypertension, % 72.4 71.6 0.87
  Diabetes mellitus, % 51.3 32.2 0.002
  Dyslipidaemia, % 51.9 43.9 0.22
  Ischaemic CHD, % 16.9 11.4 0.18
  Symptomatic PAD, % 18.2 7.6 0.005
Treatment before index stroke    
  Antiplatelet agents, % 29.5 24.7 0.39
  Statins, % 33.3 26.8 0.49
  Antihypertensive, % 61.5 60.4 0.62
  Hypoglycaemics, % 41.0 25.4 0.01
Treatment at discharge    
  Antiplatelet agents 100 99.3 0.46
  Statins 70.0 71.8 0.84
  Antihypertensive drugs 75.6 72.8 0.65
  Hypoglycaemics 42.8 31.5 0.05
Stroke subtype    0.07
  Atherothrombotic    
  Probable 25.0 15.7  
  Possible 46.1 43.0  
  Small vessel disease 18.4 21.0  
  Cryptogenic 10.5 20.3  
mRankin <2 at discharge 41.0 57.9 0.08
mRankin ≤2 at 1 year 39.0 70.3 <0.0001
  1. CHD: cardiac heart disease. PAD: peripheral artery disease.
  2. P-value (log-rank test).