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Table 3 Cox hazard ratios of primary outcome at one-year follow-up

From: The ARTICO study: identification of patients at high risk of vascular recurrence after a first non-cardioembolic stroke

  HR 95% CI p
Age 1.03 0.99-1.06 0.088
Sex 0.50 0.26-0.95 0.035
BMI 1.08 1.02-1.14 0.007
Systolic blood pressure 1.01 1.00-1.02 0.006
History of diabetes mellitus 2.05 1.22-3.45 0.007
mRankin scale at discharge ≥2 1.32 0.78-2.27 0.294
IMT 0.98 0.91-1.05 0.680
Vascular disease    
  Normal ABI and ICA >50% 1.38 0.52-3.69 0.551
  ABI <0.9 and ICA <50% 1.64 0.81-3.30 0.160
  Symptomatic PAD and ICA <50% 2.76 1.10-6.95 0.030
  ABI <0.9 and ICA >50% 4.52 2.14-9.53 <0.001
  Symptomatic PAD and ICA >50% 4.72 1.75-12.70 0.002
  1. Sex (0 = men, 1 = women), history of diabetes (0 = No, 1 = Yes) and mRankin scale at discharge ≥2 (0 = No, 1 = Yes) were included as categorical variables. Reference category of vascular disease: normal ABI and CS <50%.
  2. BMI: body mass index. ICA: internal carotid stenosis. IMT: intima-media thickness (by 0.1 units). PAD: peripheral artery disease. ABI: ankle brachial index.