Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics (n = 6) at referral, therapeutic targets, and spasticity therapy

From: Cortical activation changes and improved motor function in stroke patients after focal spasticity therapy– an interventional study applying repeated fMRI

Patient # 1 # 2 # 3 # 4 # 5 # 6
Sex F F M F M F
Age 67 55 59 79 75 59
Diagnosis/localization Cerebral infarction, left, subcortical Cerebral infarction, left, subcortical Cerebral infarction, left, subcortical + brain stem infarction Cerebral infarction, left, subcortical Cerebral infarction, left, subcortical Brain stem + cerebellum
Years since injury 2.5 2 2.5 3 1.5 17
Concomittant diseases/conditions Hypertension   Hypertension   Hypertension  
Medication Baclofen, Felodipin, ASA, Dipyridamol ASA, Dipyridamol, Lanzoprasol Baclofen, Fenytoin, Clopidogrel, Pravastatin ASA, Dipyridamol, Bisoprolol Baclofen, ASA, Diltiazem, Dipyridamol, Amilorid, Hydroklorthiazid, Acetylcystein, Budesonid, Formoterol Warfarin
Activity limitations/ICF d4400, d4401, d4403 d4400-4403 d4400-4403 d4401-4403 d4400-4403 d4400-4403
Ashworth baseline wrist/finger/thumb = average 2/2/1 = 1.7 2/2/2 = 2.0 2/3/1 = 2.0 1/2/1 = 1.3 2/1/1 = 1.3 3/3/2 = 2.7
Sensory function 2-PD 3 4 4 3 3 4
Physical therapy - - - - - -
Occupational therapy - x - - - -
Orthosis - - - - - -
Technical aid walking stick, walker - wheel chair walking stick, walker, wheel chair walking stick, walker walker
Therapeutic targets & spasticity therapy
Injected muscle groups fl dig superfic & profundus, fl poll long, flex carpi uln & radialis fl dig superfic & profundus, fl poll long, flex carpi uln & radialis, brachialis, brachio-radialis fl dig superfic & profundus, fl poll long, flex carpi uln & radialis, pron teres, biceps, brachialis, pectotalis fl dig superfic & profundus, fl poll long, flex carpi uln & radialis fl dig superfic & profundus, fl poll long, flex carpi uln & radialis, pron teres, biceps, brachialis fl dig superfic & profundus, fl poll long, flex carpi uln & radialis, pron teres, biceps, brachialis, pectoralis
BoNT dose [U] 120 300 350 130 350 390
Physical therapy x x x x x x
Occupational therapy - x - - - -
Orthosis x x x x x -