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Table 1 General characteristics of 407 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS)

From: No prognostic value of routine cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers in a population-based cohort of 407 multiple sclerosis patients

  N % Mean ± SD
Age at onset of MS, years    
<20 59 14.5  
20–28 110 27.0  
29–38 119 29.2  
39–49 87 21.4  
≥50 32 7.9  
Sex    
Male 119 29.2  
Female 288 70.8  
Incomplete recovery from first relapse    
No 346 85.0  
Yes 61 15.0  
Initial course of MS    
Remitting-relapsing 349 85.7  
Primary progressive 58 14.3  
CSF total protein level, mg/L    
0–500 312 76.7  
≥500 95 23.3  
CSF IgG index    
<0.60 219 53.8  
≥0.60 188 46.2  
CSF oligoclonal bands    
No 53 13.0  
Yes 354 87.0  
Leukocyte count    
Normal 151 37.1  
Increased (≥5 mm3) 256 62.9  
Barkhof’s criteria (initial MRI)    
Negative 48 11.8  
Positive 359 88.2  
Period of MS onset    
<01/01/98 60 14.7  
≥01/01/98 347 85.3  
Time from MS onset to: (years)    
Lumbar puncture 407   4.3 ± 3.2
Last follow-up 407   8.9 ± 3.8
  1. EDSS: Expanded Disability Status Scale; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging.