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Table 1 Experimental design to allow simultaneous analysis of vestibulo-ocular reflex, vestibulo-ocular reflex suppression and balance (while standing) and balance and gait (while walking)

From: Association between vestibulo-ocular reflex suppression, balance, gait, and fall risk in ageing and neurodegenerative disease: protocol of a one-year prospective follow-up study

  Sitting Standing Walking
Head-impulse test (VOR) passive   
Head-impulse test (VOR) active
Smooth eye-head tracking passive   
Smooth eye-head tracking active
“Natural” walking   
Rapid eye-head gaze shifts
  1. Measurements will be performed in three different conditions: Sitting, Standing, and Walking. Passive = head movement made by examiner. Active = head movement made by subject (important while standing and walking, as the examiner should not influence the subjects balance and gait). VOR = vestibulo-ocular reflex. Smooth eye-head tracking = vestibulo-ocular reflex suppression test with head-fixed target. “natural” walking = treadmill walking without presentation of visual stimuli (control task). Fixation-/no-fixation = standing or walking 30 s. without fixation of a visual target, standing or walking 30 s. while fixation of a visual target. Rapid eye-head gaze shifts = vestibulo-ocular reflex suppression test while rapid gaze shifts