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Table 1 Population characteristics stratified by TOAST subtype

From: Ethnic differences in ischemic stroke subtypes in young-onset stroke: the Stroke Prevention in Young Adults Study

  Lacunar N = 142 Large artery N = 68 Cardioembolic N = 182 Other determined N = 71 Cryptogenic N = 487
Male (%) 60.56 66.18 57.69 25.35 52.36
AA (%) 56.34 39.71 45.60 38.03 45.17
Age ≥40 (%) 85.21 85.29 59.89 47.89 65.91
HTN (%) 61.27 55.88 39.01 21.13 37.73
Smoking (%) 46.48 57.35 35.36 40.85 45.38
DM (%) 30.28 19.12 11.54 4.23 15.43
MI (%) 4.23 4.41 8.24 2.82 4.54
  1. Example: Of small vessel strokes, 60.56 % were males