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Table 2 Population characteristics across TOAST subtypes

From: Ethnic differences in ischemic stroke subtypes in young-onset stroke: the Stroke Prevention in Young Adults Study

  Lacunar (%) Large artery (%) Cardioembolic (%) Other determined (%) Cryptogenic (%) Total
Male 16.90 8.84 20.63 3.54 50.10 100 %
Female 12.70 5.22 17.46 12.02 52.61 100 %
AA 18.31 6.18 18.99 6.18 50.34 100 %
EA 12.09 7.99 19.30 8.58 52.05 100 %
Age ≥40 18.82 9.02 16.95 5.29 49.92 100 %
Age <40 6.84 3.26 23.78 12.05 54.07 100 %
HTN 22.08 9.64 18.02 3.81 46.45 100 %
No HTN 9.93 5.42 20.04 10.11 54.51 100 %
Smoking 15.75 9.31 15.27 6.92 52.74 100 %
No smoking 14.34 5.47 22.08 7.92 50.19 100 %
DM 27.74 8.39 13.55 1.94 48.39 100 %
No DM 12.47 6.93 20.28 8.56 51.76 100 %
MI 12.50 6.25 31.25 4.17 45.83 100 %
No MI 15.11 7.22 18.56 7.67 51.44 100 %
  1. Example: Of all males with ischemic stroke, 16.90 % had small vessel stroke, 8.84 % had large artery stroke, 20.63 % had cardioembolic stroke, etc