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Table 3 Analysis 1: TOAST subtype vs. all other subtypes combined

From: Ethnic differences in ischemic stroke subtypes in young-onset stroke: the Stroke Prevention in Young Adults Study

  Small vessel (n = 142) Large artery (n = 68) Cardioembolic (n = 182) Cryptogenic (n = 487)
Sex (1 = male) 1.26 p = 0.226 1.50 p = 0.132 1.34 p = 0.086 0.92 p = 0.544
[0.87, 1.83] [0.89, 2.55] [0.96, 1.88] [0.71, 1.20]
Ethnicity (1 = AA) 1.61 p= 0.011 0.75 p = 0.271 1.02 p = 0.895 0.94 p = 0.610
[1.12, 2.32] [0.45, 1.25] [0.74, 1.42] [0.72, 1.21]
Age (≥40) 2.97 p <0.0001 2.77 p= 0.004 0.62 p= 0.006 0.86 p = 0.298
[1.82, 4.86] [1.39, 5.55] [0.44, 0.87] [0.65, 1.14]
  1. Logistic regression performed with the three groups of sex, ethnicity, and age - comparing stroke subtype risk against all other stroke subtypes combined. The results for sex and controlled by ethnicity and age. The results for ethnicity are controlled by sex and age. The results for age are controlled by sex and ethnicity. Significant results are bolded