Skip to main content

Table 6 Analysis 2: TOAST Subtype vs. Cryptogenic Stroke with smoking and HTN included in the regression model

From: Ethnic differences in ischemic stroke subtypes in young-onset stroke: the Stroke Prevention in Young Adults Study

  Small vessel (n = 142) Large artery (n = 68) Cardioembolic (n = 181)
Sex 1.30 p = 0.21 1.50 p = 0.15 1.29 p = 0.17
 (1 = male) [0.87, 1.94] [0.86, 2.62] [0.90, 1.84]
Ethnicity 1.34 p = 0.15 0.70 p = 0.20 1.04 p = 0.84
 (1 = AA) [0.90, 2.00] [0.41, 1.21] [0.72, 1.49]
Age 2.42 p= 0.0007 2.36 p= 0.02 0.72 p = 0.08
 (≥40) [1.45, 4.05] [1.15, 4.84] [0.50, 1.04]
Current smoker 0.97 p = 0.89 1.63 p = 0.07 0.67 p= 0.03
 (1 = yes) [0.66, 1.44] [0.96, 2.75] [0.47, 0.95]
HTN 2.18 p= 0.0001 1.88 p= 0.02 1.12 p = 0.56
 (1 = yes) [1.46, 3.25] [1.10, 3.21] [0.77, 1.63]
  1. Logistic regression performed with the three groups of sex, ethnicity, and age - comparing stroke subtype risk against cryptogenic stroke. Logistic regression performed with the three groups of sex, ethnicity, and age. The risk factors of smoking and HTN were added into the basic model. Significant results are bolded