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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: A randomized controlled behavioral intervention trial to improve medication adherence in adult stroke patients with prescription tailored Short Messaging Service (SMS)-SMS4Stroke study

   Intervention group Usual care group
n = 100 n = 100
n (%) n (%)
1 Age (years)a 56.07 (1.5) 57.62 (1.3)
2 Male 64 (64) 71 (71)
3 Educated 90 (90) 88 (88)
4 Years of formal educationa 12.7 (0.4) 12.36 (0.4)
5 Urban residence 86 (86) 88 (88)
6 Number of pills prescribed dailyb 7 (4.5–9.5) 8 (6–10)
7 Distance from stroke physicianb (km) 9.9 (7.2–16.7) 11.6 (7.8–18.6)
8 Monthly cost of drugsb (PKR) 12,000 (7500–18,000) 12,000 (7500–19,750)
9 Side effects 13 (13) 12 (12)
10 Use of alternate medicines 12 (12) 12 (12)
11 Missed physician appointments in last year 13 (13) 14 (14)
12 Dosing frequency once daily 5 (5) 4 (4)
  Twice daily 60 (60) 66 (66)
  Thrice daily 35 (35) 30 (30)
13 Use of pill boxes 15 (15) 16 (16)
14 Use of alarms as medication reminders 3 (3) 2 (2)
15 Baseline Morisky adherence scoreb 7 (5.7–8) 7 (5.7–8)
16 Blessed dementia scoreb 4.5 (2–7.2) 4 (2.5–7)
17 Social support scaleb 12 (7–18) 12 (6–18)
18 Ischemic stroke 83 (83) 84 (84)
19 Time since strokeb 2 (1–5) 2 (1–4)
  1. There were no statistically significant baseline differences in the study participants
  2. aMean (SD)
  3. bMedian (IQR)