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Table 1 Univariate analysis of patients with or without stroke recurrence at 3 months after minor stroke

From: Factors for short-term outcomes in patients with a minor stroke: results from China National Stroke Registry

Variables Overall Recurrence No recurrence P value
Sample size, n (%) 4669 459 (9.8) 4210 (90.2)  
Age, median (IQR), year 65 (55–74) 67 (57–76) 65 (55–73) <0.001
Female, n (%) 1656 (35.5) 159 (34.6) 1497 (35.6) 0.70
Vascular risk factors     
 Hypertension, n (%) 3438 (73.6) 365 (79.5) 3073 (73.0) 0.003
 Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 1274 (27.3) 148 (32.2) 1126 (26.8) 0.01
 Dyslipidemia, n (%) 550 (11.8) 68 (14.8) 482 (11.4) 0.03
 Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 270 (5.8) 53 (11.6) 217 (5.2) <0.001
 Treated atrial fibrillation, n (%) 29 (10.7) 4 (7.5) 25 (11.5) 0.55
 Coronary heart disease, n (%) 600 (12.8) 90 (19.6) 510 (12.1) <0.001
 Previous stroke, n (%) 1451 (31.1) 196 (42.7) 1255 (29.8) <0.001
 Current or previous smoking, n (%) 1872 (40.1) 178 (38.8) 1694 (40.2) 0.54
 Moderate or heavy alcohol, n (%) 470 (10.1) 47 (10.2) 423 (10.0) 0.90
 BMI at admission, median (IQR), kg/m2 24.22 (22.3–26.3) 24.22 (22.4–26.6) 24.22 (22.3–26.3) 0.41
NIHSS score, median (IQR)     
 At admission 2 (1–3) 1 (0–2) 2 (1–3) 0.001
 At 24 h 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 0.74
Time from onset to admission <24 h, n (%) 2472 (52.9) 263 (57.3) 2209 (52.5) 0.049
Neurological deterioration, n (%) 166 (3.6) 31 (6.8) 135 (3.2) <0.001
TOAST subtype, n (%)     <0.001
 Large-artery atherosclerosis 1951 (41.8) 208 (45.3) 1743 (41.4)  
 Small-artery occlusion 1066 (22.8) 84 (18.3) 982 (23.3)  
 Cardioembolism 131 (2.8) 28 (6.1) 103 (2.4)  
 Other 176 (3.8) 13 (2.8) 163 (3.9)  
  1. IQR interquartile range, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, BMI body mass index, TOAST Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment