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Table 3 Univariate analysis of patients with or without all-cause death at 3 months after minor stroke

From: Factors for short-term outcomes in patients with a minor stroke: results from China National Stroke Registry

Variables Overall Death No death P value
Sample size, n (%) 4669 168 (3.6) 4501 (96.4)  
Age, median (IQR), year 65 (55–74) 72 (60–77) 65 (55–73) <0.001
Female, n (%) 1656 (35.5) 70 (41.7) 1586 (35.2) 0.87
Vascular risk factors     
 Hypertension, n (%) 3438 (73.6) 122 (72.6) 3316 (73.7) 0.76
 Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 1274 (27.3) 46 (27.4) 1228 (27.3) 0.98
 Dyslipidemia, n (%) 550 (11.8) 21 (12.5) 529 (11.8) 0.77
 Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 270 (5.8) 25 (14.9) 245 (5.4) <0.001
 Coronary heart disease, n (%) 600 (12.9) 40 (23.8) 560 (12.4) <0.001
 Previous stroke, n (%) 1451 (31.1) 68 (40.5) 1383 (30.7) 0.007
 Current or previous smoking, n (%) 1872 (40.1) 62 (36.9) 1810 (40.2) 0.39
 Moderate or heavy alcohol, n (%) 470 (10.1) 11 (6.6) 459 (10.2) 0.12
 BMI at admission, median (IQR), kg/m2 24.22 (22.3–26.3) 23.61 (21.7–26.0) 24.22 (22.4–26.3) <0.001
NIHSS score, median (IQR)     
 At admission 2 (1–3) 1 (0–2) 2 (1–3) <0.001
 At 24 h 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 0.006
Time from onset to admission <24 h, n (%) 2472 (52.9) 97 (57.7) 2375 (52.8) 0.20
Neurological deterioration, n (%) 166 (3.6) 19 (11.3) 147 (3.3) <0.001
TOAST subtype, n (%)     <0.001
 Large-artery atherosclerosis 1951 (41.8) 66 (39.3) 1855 (41.9)  
 Small-artery occlusion 1066 (22.8) 19 (11.3) 1047 (23.3)  
 Cardioembolism 131 (2.8) 15 (8.9) 116 (2.6)  
 Other 176 (3.8) 5 (3.0) 171 (3.8)  
  1. IQR interquartile range, BMI body mass index, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, TOAST Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment