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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with IS and HS

From: Initial blood pressure is associated with stroke severity and is predictive of admission cost and one-year outcome in different stroke subtypes: a SRICHS registry study

  IS HS p
  n = 1173 n = 282  
Demographics    
 Age, year 67.8 ± 12.8 62.4 ± 15.4 < 0.001*
 Gender (F/M) 453/720 111/171 0.82
Stroke severity    
 Initial NIHSS 6.6 ± 7.1 14.7 ± 13.2 < 0.001*
Stroke outcome    
 Admission cost, US dollar 2305.9 ± 3351.3 3566.5 ± 4380.7 < 0.001*
 Length of stay, day 14.84 ± 15.61 18.61 ± 17.88 0.001*
 One-year mRS score 2.2 ± 1.9 3.4 ± 2.2 < 0.001*
Initial blood pressure    
 Systolic BP, mmHg 152.2 ± 23.5 157.0 ± 30.8 0.01*
 Diastolic BP, mmHg 85.5 ± 13.6 88.2 ± 18.4 0.02*
Risk factor of stroke    
 Hypertension 737 (62.8 %) 164 (52.8 %) 0.15
 Diabetes mellitus 355 (30.3 %) 60 (21.3 %) < 0.001*
 Dyslipidemia    
  TC ≥ 200 mg/dl 305 (26.0 %) 68 (24.1 %) 0.51
  LDL ≥ 130 mg/dl 236 (20.1 %) 41 (14.5 %) 0.03*
 Cigarette smoking 429 (36.6 %) 88 (31.2 %) 0.09
 History of previous stroke 420 (35.8 %) 78 (27.7 %) 0.17
 History of heart disease 384 (32.7 %) 49 (17.4 %) < 0.001*
 BUN/Cr ≥ 15 421 (35.9 %) 120 (42.6 %) 0.07
 Infection 214 (18.2 %) 88 (31.2 %) < 0.001*
  1. Mean ± standard deviation is reported for continuous variables and number (%) for categorical variables. Independent t test for continuous variables, and chi-square test for discrete variables. IS ischemic stroke, HS hemorrhagic stroke, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, BP blood pressure, mRS modified Rankin scale, TC total cholesterol, LDL low-density lipoprotein, BUN/Cr blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio. * p value < 0.05 as statistically significant