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Fig. 2 | BMC Neurology

Fig. 2

From: Valsalva maneuver unveils central baroreflex dysfunction with altered blood pressure control in persons with a history of mild traumatic brain injury

Fig. 2

The 90 %-blood-pressure-normalization-times and 90 %-blood-pressure-normalization-velocities in healthy controls and post-mTBI-patients. The 90 % normalization-times of systolic blood pressure (BPsys), i.e. the intervals from the highest BPsys-values after VM strain-release to the times when BPsys had fallen by 90 % of the differences between peak-phase-IV BPsys and baseline BPsys, were longer in the 25 patients with a history of mild TBI than in the healthy participants. The 90 %-blood-pressure-normalization-velocities, i.e. the differences between peak-phase-IV BPsys and BPsys at the moment of the 90 %-BP-normalization-time, divided by the 90 %-BP-normalization-times, were lower in the post-mTBI-patients than in the healthy participants. Data are presented as box plots. The line in the middle of the box represents the median (50th percentile), the top of the box represents the upper quartile (75th percentile), the bottom of the box represents the lower quartile (25th percentile), and the end of the whiskers represent the highest and lowest values that are not extreme values or outliers. Grey boxes illustrate results in healthy participants; white boxes with vertical lines illustrate results in the 25 patients with a history of mild TBI

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