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Table 2 Neuropsychological measures and neuropsychiatric questionnaires

From: The Cognition and Affect after Stroke - a Prospective Evaluation of Risks (CASPER) study: rationale and design

  Instrument T0a T1a T2a
Global cognition MMSE [89] X X X
Episodic Memory 15-Word Verbal Learning Test [90] X X X
Working memory Digit-span of the WAIS-III [91] X X X
Information processing speed Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST)
Trail Making Test (TMT; part A and B) [91, 92]
X X X
Executive functioning TMT (interference), BADS Zoo Map & Key Search, Verbal Fluency (60 s; animals and professions) [9294] X X X
Visuo-construction Clock drawing [94] X X X
Neglect Star cancellation [95] X   
Premorbid IQ NLV [96] X   
Language/aphasia Boston Naming Test [97] X   
Depression MINI, MADRS, HADS, NPI [6264, 68] X X X
Apathy AES, NPI [66, 68] X X X
Premorbid dementia IQ CODE [60] X   
Functional ability Barthel Index, Lawton [73, 74] X X X
Quality of life SS-QoL [75] X X X
Fatigue15 FSS [72] X X X
Personality16 NEO-FFI [76] X   
  1. aT0: baseline measurement, T1: 6-month follow-up, T2: 12-month follow-up
  2. Abbreviations: MMSE Mini Mental State Examination, WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, BADS Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome, NLV Nederlandse leestest voor volwassenen (Dutch version of the National Adult Reading Test), MINI Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, MADRS Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, NPI Neuropsychiatric Inventory, AES Apathy Evaluation Scale, IQ-CODE Informant-Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly, SS-Qol Stroke Specific Quality of Life, FSS Fatigue Severity Scale, NEO-FFI NEO Five Factory Inventory