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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for cases stratified by living situationa

From: Living alone predicts mortality in patients with ischemic stroke before 70 years of age: a long-term prospective follow-up study

  Cases  
Cohabiting (n=424) Living alone (n=176) P
Mean age at inclusion, years 57 (10) 56 (11) 0.37
Male 278 (66) 107 (61) 0.27
Risk factors    
 Hypertension 250 (59) 104 (61) 0.66
 Diabetes mellitus 81 (19) 33 (19) 0.92
 Hyperlipidemia 293 (75) 120 (79) 0.28
 Waist-hip-ratio, gender-adjustedb    
  Low 4 (1) 4 (2) 0.37
  Normal 87 (22) 31 (19)  
  Intermediate 111 (28) 41 (25)  
  High 187 (48) 85 (53)  
 Smoking 141 (33) 92 (53) <0.001
Socioeconomic and life-style factors    
 Occupation, lower education 242 (59) 122 (73) 0.001
 Sedentary leisure time 60 (15) 48 (30) <0.001
 Self-perceived psychological stress 92 (23) 34 (21) 0.64
 Alcohol consumption >4 times a week 27 (7) 17 (10) 0.14
 Pre-stroke disability 2 (0.5) 7 (4) <0.01
Comorbidities    
 History of stroke 85 (20) 29 (16) 0.80
 History of coronary heart disease 71 (18) 26 (17) 0.85
 Atrial fibrillation 52 (12) 16 (9) 0.82
Endovascular treatment 4 (0.9) 1 (0.6) 1.00
Stroke severity    
 Mild, SSS score 43-58 321 (76) 130 (74) 0.81
 Moderate, SSS score 26-42 63 (15) 30 (17)  
 Severe, SSS score 0-25 40 (9) 16 (9)  
Stroke subtype    
 Small vessel disease 81 (19) 43 (24) 0.63
 Large vessel disease 52 (12) 21 (12)  
 Cardioembolic stroke 72 (17) 26 (15)  
 Cryptogenic stroke 112 (26) 50 (28)  
 Other determined stroke 38 (9) 13 (7)  
 Undetermined stroke 69 (16) 23 (13)  
  1. SSS Scandinavian Stroke Scale
  2. aData are no. (%) unless otherwise indicated
  3. bWaist-hip-ratio was categorized as low, normal (reference), moderate and high; gender-specific cut-offs (for men: <0.85, 0.85-<0.95, 0.95-<1, and ≥1, and for women: <0.7, 0.7-<0.8, 0.8-<0.85, and ≥0.85)