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Table 1 Definition of complications

From: Complications in the first week after stroke: a 10-year comparison

Progressing stroke Decrease of more than 2 point on the sum score of the following: consciousness; gaze paresis; arm, hand, or leg strength on the Scandinavian Stroke Scale (SSS) from the first assessment after admission to the assessment 72 h after stroke
Recurrent stroke New onset of focal or neurologic deficits that cannot be attributed to the presenting lesion and are consistent with World Health Organization definition of stroke
Fever Temperature ≥38.0 °C at any time during the first week
Seizures Clinical diagnosis of focal and/or generalized seizure in a previously non-epileptic patient
Falls
 Non-serious falls Any fall regardless of cause but without serious injury
 Serious falls Falls resulting in fracture or suturing of wounds or prolonged hospitalization
Infections
 Urinary tract infection (UTI) Clinical symptoms of UTI combined with positive urine dipstick examination for nitrite and/or pyuria
 Chest infection Auscultatory respiratory crackles combined with at least 1 of the following: temperature >38 °C, new purulent sputum, or positive chest radiograph
Acute myocardial infarction (MI) At least 2 of the following: elevated troponin-T values, chest pain without any other explanation, changes in ECG consistent with MI
Pressure sores Any skin break or necrosis resulting from pressure of trivial injury (excluding those related to falls)
Thromboembolism
 Deep vein thrombosis Clinical diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis supported by ultrasound or venography
 Pulmonary embolism Clinical diagnosis supported by computed tomography scan or ventilation/perfusion scan