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Table 3 Frequency of and trend for the most common complications in the 2003 and 2013 cohort

From: Complications in the first week after stroke: a 10-year comparison

   2003   2013
Stroke severity n Fever Chest infection Prog. stroke MI UTI Falls n Fever Chest infection Prog. stroke MI UTI Falls
   n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Very severe 61 34 (55.7) 29 (47.5) 18 (29.5) 8 (13.1) 12 (19.7) 2 (3.3) 26 18 (69.2) 11 (42.3) 0 1 (3.8) 5 (19.2) 3 (11.5)
Severe 58 32 (55.2) 14 (24.1) 12 (20.7) 8 (13.8) 9 (15.5) 4 (6.9) 24 11 (45.8) 6 (25.0) 3 (12.5) 0 4 (16.7) 5 (20.8)
Moderate 111 23 (20.7) 4 (3.6) 41 (36.9) 4 (3.6) 31 (27.9) 20 (18.0) 58 10 (17.2) 1 (1.7) 1 (1.7) 0 8 (13.8) 10 (17.2)
Mild 124 19 (15.3) 7 (5.6) 13 (10.5) 1 (0.8) 20 (16.1) 10 (8.1) 49 5 (10.2) 0 3 (6.1) 0 5 (10.2) 3 (6.1)
Very mild 135 8 (5.9) 1 (0.7) 6 (4.4) 1 (0.7) 6 (4.4) 4 (3.0) 28 2 (7.1) 0 2 (7.1) 0 0 1 (3.6)
Total number 489 116 (23.7) 55 (11.2) 90 (18.4) 22 (4.5) 78 (16.0) 40 (8.2) 185 46 (24.9) 18 (9.7) 9 (4.9) 1 (0.5) 22 (11.9) 22 (11.9)
p-value for trenda   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.001 0.34   <0.001 <0.001 0.46 0.070 0.025 0.091
  1. Very severe: SSS = 0–14, severe: SSS = 15–29, moderate: SSS = 30–44, mild: SSS = 54–51, very mild: SSS = 52–59
  2. aCochran-Armitage test for trend