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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke and with or without early consciousness disorder

From: Early consciousness disorder in acute ischemic stroke: incidence, risk factors and outcome

  With ECD Without ECD P
Patients, n (%) 199 (35.0) 370 (65.0) ——
Mean age, yr 66.7 ± 13.6 63.7 ± 14.2 0.016*
Women, n (%) 103 (51.8) 163 (44.1) 0.079***
Delay from symptom onset to admission, h 13.9 ± 8.2 15.0 ± 8.5 0.130*
Median NIHSS score on admission 16 (0–33) 3.5 (0–19) <0.001**
Median GCS score on admission 10 (3–15) 15 (9–15) <0.001**
SBP ≥180 mmHg, n (%) 16 (8.0) 24 (6.5) 0.489***
DBP ≥ 100 mmHg, n (%) 32 (16.1) 43 (11.6) 0.134***
Serum glucose on admission, mmol/L 8.53 ± 3.62 7.21 ± 2.85 <0.001*
Stroke risk factors, n (%)
 Hypertension 119 (59.8) 237 (64.1) 0.317***
 Diabetes mellitus 56 (28.1) 90 (24.3) 0.320***
 Hyperlipidemia 34 (17.1) 97 (26.2) 0.014***
 Coronary heart disease 29 (14.6) 28 (7.6) 0.008***
 Atrial fibrillation 85 (42.7) 70 (18.9) <0.001***
 Valvular heart disease 39 (19.6) 35 (9.5) 0.001***
 Current smoking 43 (21.6) 101 (27.3) 0.137***
 Alcohol consumption 38 (19.1) 57 (15.4) 0.260***
 Previous stroke 34 (17.1) 77 (20.8) 0.285***
 History of head trauma 2 (1.0) 5 (1.4) 1.000***
  1. Abbreviations: DBP diastolic blood pressure, ECD early consciousness disorder, GCS Glasgow coma scale, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, SBP systolic blood pressure
  2. *Student’s t test
  3. **Mann–Whitney U test
  4. ***χ2 test