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Table 4 In-hospital, stroke-related complications in Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke and with or without early consciousness disorder

From: Early consciousness disorder in acute ischemic stroke: incidence, risk factors and outcome

  With ECD Without ECD P
All complications, n (%) 166 (83.4) 115 (31.1) <0.001
Neurological complications, n (%)
 Brain oedema 60 (30.2) 6 (1.6) <0.001
 Haemorrhagic transformation 44 (22.1) 26 (7.0) <0.001
 Seizures and epilepsy 22 (11.1) 6 (0.6) <0.001
 Central hyperthermia 7 (3.5) 1 (0.3) 0.006
 Recurrent stroke 3 (1.5) 3 (0.8) 0.730
Medical complications, n (%)
 Pulmonary infection 116 (58.3) 64 (17.3) <0.001
 Urinary tract infection 18 (9.0) 10 (2.7) 0.001
 Gastrointestinal bleeding 34 (17.1) 17 (4.6) <0.001
 Electrolyte disturbance 81 (40.7) 49 (13.2) <0.001
 Acute renal failure 17 (8.5) 6 (1.6) <0.001
 Urinary incontinence 49 (24.6) 12 (3.2) <0.001
 Bed sores 10 (5.0) 3 (0.8) 0.004
 Phlebothrombosis 6 (3.0) 1 (0.3) 0.015
 Falls 5 (2.5) 0 (0) 0.010
  1. χ2 test